Amsterdam, the capital of the Netherlands, is best known for the city's canals, ancient houses and monuments. The city has retained remnants of the 17th century, a period known as the Golden Age of Amsterdam. At one point, Amsterdam was considered the richest city in the world. Only one river crosses the Amsterdam Amstel River. At the end of the 13th century a dam was built on the river, which is actually the name of the city "Dam on the Amstel".
Amsterdam is known as one of Europe's liberal, cultural capitals (easy laws on drugs, prostitution, etc.), rich in museums and places of entertainment. Queen Beatrix has ruled for nearly thirty years. The countries official color is orange.
Amsterdam has about one million inhabitants and is the largest city in the Netherlands, but most of the state's institutions are concentrated in the Hague.
Anyone who goes on a shopping tour in Amsterdam will not come back empty-handed. The city offers a variety of clothing, shoes, jewelry, antiques etc. Amsterdam is not a city that dictates fashionable trends, so there is nothing to expect from the major fashion houses. Opening hours - most stores open doors between 9 and 10 am and stay open until 18:00, Tuesday through Friday. On Thursdays, closing time is postponed to 21:00, on Saturday the closing time is 17:00.
On Sundays, most of the shops are closed, except for those on the main streets, in the city center. They open only at 13:00, and are usually closed at 18:00, during the summer months the shops are open until 20:00.
The main shopping areas - in the center of Amsterdam there are streets that are closed to vehicular traffic. Shopping areas full of shops and stalls. The two main Amsterdam ramps are Nieuwedijk and Kalverstaat, which are actually one pedestrian street that stretches for a mile. The nieuwedijk starts at the Central Station and ends in Dam Square, from where the Kalverstaat starts. Clothing and footwear stores, gift and souvenir shops, ice cream shops and restaurants. It is impossible without the famous coffee shops of Amsterdam. International brands are also represented along this pedestrian mall.
A shopping area that can damage your wallet is P.C. Hooftstraat, not far from the Rixmuseum, where you will find all the luxury stores: Gucci, Cartier, Tommy Hilfiger and so on. Grand cars parked by the roadside, and everything smelled of silver. It's worth walking around in the street and getting a taste of the shops, even if your hand can not afford to buy anything on this street.
In the Jordaan district, you will find small boutique shops, second-hand clothing shops, antique-style clothing, wine and cheese shops, book and art stores, etc.
Another area is what is known as the "nine small streets", de Negen Straatjes, small picturesque shops, in beautiful surroundings, between the canals in the center of the city, not far from Dam.
The nightlife in Amsterdam is hypnotic, exciting, lively. Here you will discover the night life in Amsterdam. Places of entertainment that will suit you if you are young or old, modest or wild, a dancer or a lover of drinking. The wild and permissive Amsterdam offers adventurers a variety of entertainment, but since the entry of the euro and the rise in prices, the Australian custom of spending seven days a week has been greatly reduced. The cosmopolitanism and openness of the city creates indecent encounters, one has only to mingle with the crowd.
Pubs and bars
In Amsterdam there is a custom called 'revolving bars', meaning locals move from pub to pub, grab a drink in each of them, dance, laugh and move on to the next pub. This is a traditional custom. Amsterdam is one of the cities with the most types of beers, at attractive prices. The De Wildman Nieuwezijds pub offers 200 types of beers: bitter, sweet, sour, a year old or a hundred years old. The pub is located at 3 Kolk Street.
Clubs and clubs
And after we've had a good night's sleep, we can go on to one of the clubs and dance until morning. The largest and most famous in the Amsterdam clubs is the Escape, a club that has a capacity of hundreds. The club hosts DJs from around the world. Entrance to the club requires patience, since the lines are long. The club is located in Rembrandtplein.
Romantic and quiet recreation
For lovers who prefer romance and intimacy, it is recommended to take a night stroll alongside the canals. They are illuminated by spectacular lighting and it is fun to watch the water and the boats.
For those who want to see Amsterdam from another angle, it is recommended to go for a night cruise in the city canals and be impressed by the special lighting surrounding the buildings and around the canals. The cruise takes you through the canals and city center and will last about an hour. The cruise goes up to Evning Canal Cruise, at hendrikkade 25, near Central Station.
Cost -13.20, adult, 6.60, child.
You've reached the right city! The city of Amsterdam offers a variety of entertainment venues for the LGBTQ. The common area for the Reguliersdwarsstraat community, and there are countless pubs, restaurants and clubs waiting for you.
The Van Gogh Museum is one of the most famous museums in the Netherlands and is most identified with the city of Amsterdam. It is the largest collection of works by the Dutch artist, and the result is an experience of intoxicating colors. If you're going to see only one museum in Amsterdam, this is it. The museum is the most touristy site in Amsterdam, it is worth buying tickets in advance.
Opening hours are open all week, from 9:00 to 18:00.
Address - Museumplein 6.
Arrival - tram number 2 or 5 from central station, Van Barlestraat tram 12, Museumplein station.
Price: EUR 17, free admission for children aged 18 and under.
Rijksmuseum - This is the largest museum in the Netherlands, and one of the largest in Europe. The museum has five wings, displaying the greatest works in history, with permanent and changing exhibitions.
The museum presents works by important Dutch artists such as Rembrandt, Vermeer and Van Gogh, as well as interesting and valuable objects: vases and dollhouses.
Address - Museumplein 1.
Hours of operation - every day between 9:00 and 17:00.
Arrival - tram 2 or 5 station Rijksmuseum.
Price: EUR 17.5, free entrance for children aged 18 and under.
Dam Square - a central attraction in Amsterdam, this is actually the historical center of the city. The square is full of historic buildings such as The Royal Palace (Koninklijk Paleis Amsterdam), used by the Dutch royal family.. In the center of the square is the National Monument, and to the right of the palace is the new church (Nieuwe Kerk), which can be accessed free of charge, but most of the exhibitions demand a fee. The popular Madame Tussauds museum is also located in the square. The square is full of life all day and from there you can reach the main shopping streets and train station. These days the square is packed with amusement facilities, and food stalls, making the square chaotic and colorful.
The Heineken Brewery - the place for beer lovers, the ticket allows you to explore the world famous beer factory, learn some facts about beer, and most importantly drink beer (two beers, to be exact). The visit to the brewery is relatively expensive and is not suitable for those who are looking for an authentic experience. This is a gimmicky, marketing site that is especially exciting for teenagers. For the real experience, try other breweries in the city.
Opening hours: Monday through Thursday, 10: 30-19: 30, Friday, Saturday, 10: 30-21: 00, July-August, 10: 30-21: 00.
Arrival - Tram 10,7,16, 24, 25.
Price: EUR 18 (entry from age 18 only or accompanied by an adult)
The Flower Market - Even if you do not need a Tulip bouquet (colorful, the unofficial symbol of the Netherlands), the flower market is a prominent item on the list of attractions in Amsterdam. Amsterdam in particular, and the Netherlands in general, are known as flowering empires, with annual exhibitions and colorful markets. Amsterdam's flower market is the only floating flower market in the world with a market located on boats in the canal. In the market there are a lot of people who move densely, intoxicating aromas, and a carpet of flowers. This is not a very large structure, with products related to the garden and flowers, and various bulbs and so on. You can include a tour of the market as part of wandering around the area.
Address - Singel Canal.
Opening hours - Open every day.
Cost - free entry.
Arrival - Tram 4, 9, 14, 16, 24, 25, to Muntplein Station.
Vondelpark - Not far from the city center is the "green lung" of Amsterdam. A pastoral place for strolling on foot or on a bicycle between the trees and the lakes. In summer there are free outdoor shows. In the heart of the park are a few small cafes to rest in the heart of the green.
Location - 5 minutes walk south of Leidseplein, opposite the museum area.
The Church of Westerkerk - one of the most beautiful and impressive churches of the Netherlands. Within walking distance of the Anne Frank House, the church was built in the 17th century, topped by the highest turret in Amsterdam. At the top of the turret is the royal crown, awarded to the city by Emperor Maximilian. Church lovers will love the location in the city center, directly opposite the main railway station.
Address - Prinsegracht 281.
Hours of operation - summer (April to November), all week, 10: 00-15: 00, winter (December to March), 11: 00-15: 00.
Arrival - tram 10 to Bloemgracht station.
Nemo Museum - The Nemo Museum is the National Museum of Science and Technology, which features exhibits and interactive activities. The architecture of the building in the form of a green ship.
Address - Oosterdok 2, near Central Station.
Hours of operation - every day, 10: 00-17: 30, (closed on Mondays)
Arrival - bus lines 22 and 48.
Price - EUR 15, (free admission under 4 years old)
Red Light District - Is there anyone who has not heard yet? The Wall, called De Wallen, is a number of small, dark streets, testimony to the liberalism of the Dutch about the institutionalization of prostitution. It is recommended to explore the area in the daytime and discover new galleries and shops. At night the area becomes unpleasant, with strip clubs and nightlife.
Arrival - near Central Station and Dam Square. There is a guided tour, for those who want to know more about the history of the place and how it works.
Albert Cuyp Market - the city's famous market. The nice merchants offer their wares, from sausages and cheeses to dressing bags and shoes. You will be impressed and feel the urder to spend.
Address - Albert Cuypstraat.
Hours of operation - Monday - Saturday, 9: 30-17: 00
Arrival - Tram 4, 16, 24, 25, to Albert Cuypstraat Station.
Stedelijkmuseum - one of the leading museums of modern art. Works by artists such as Picasso, Matisse, Mondrian, etc.
Address - Museumplein 10.
Arrival - tram 2 or 5, station Van Barlestraat, tram 12, station, Museumplein.
Opening hours: 10: 00-18: 00.
Cost - EUR 15, free under 18 years old.
Amsterdam Canal Cruises - This is a way to experience the city from a different perspective. Organized sailing is possible in a number of ways. The departure points for the cruise can be identified by the sign Rondvaartbuten, or tickets can be purchased at tourist offices. The "Gray Line" boat company offers headphones with an explanation recorded in Hebrew, and the price is € 16 per adult, 8 per child.
The National Maritime Museum is set in a beautiful building that was once used by the Dutch Navy. It presents the history of the Dutch Navy. Among the exhibits in the museum are ancient sea maps, ship models and more.
Address - Kattenburgerplein 1.
Opening hours - all week from 9:00 to 17:00.
Arrival - tram line 10, to Hoogte Kadijk station.
Cost of 15 Euros.
The wax museum Madame Tussauds - one of the most famous attractions in Dam Square. A host of familiar characters: singers, athletes, politicians.
Address - Dam 20.
Opening hours: 10: 00-17: 30, July-August, open until 20:30.
Arrival - tram lines 4, 9, 16, 24, 25 to dam station, bus 355,357,359,361,363.
Cost - adult 22.50 Euro.
The Jewish community in Amsterdam numbers about 20,000 jewish people. In Amsterdam, the Chabad House, which is happy to welcome every Jew, is known for its patience with the Jews throughout history, but despite its acceptance and tolerance, the Jews were forced to live in a certain area. But the Nazi occupation in the Second World War greatly reduced the community. The Nazis sent most of the Jews to the concentration camps. One of the most famous stories from the Holocaust of the Jews of Holland was the story of Anne Frank.
Anne Frank House
An important place, not to be missed. This is a small museum, located in a house where Anne Frank and her family hid in World War II. A memorial to the Jews of the Netherlands in particular, and Europe in general, under the Nazi regime. The museum is always full of visitors from all over the world (so it's a good idea to arrive in the morning and buy tickets in advance to avoid the long lines).
Hours of operation - 1 April - 31 October, 9:00 to 21:00, (Saturday to 22:00), July - August, 9 am - 2 pm, every day. 1 November-31 March, 9:00 to 19:00, (Saturday to 21:00).
Address - Prinsengracht 267.
Arrival - Tram 13,14,17, to Westermarkt Station.
Price - Adult 9 Euro, children free.
The Portuguese Synagogue
The main site of the Jewish Quarter, it began to be built in 1675. It features impressive architectural elements, with a red brick facade, which has been imitated many times.
Address - Mr. Visserplein 3.
Opening hours: Sunday through Thursday, 10: 00-17: 00, Friday through 16:00 (closed Saturday and holidays).
Arrival - 9,14, to Waterlooplein Station.
Price - Adult 15 Euro, (under 6 years free of charge)
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