Warsaw (Polish: Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and the largest city (about 2,000,000 people). It is located on the banks of the Vistula River, which crosses Poland, halfway from the Baltic coasts in the north and the Carpathians in the south. Warsaw is a large and bustling metropolis and a cultural and commercial center for all of Central and Eastern Europe. The city boasts a mixture of new and old with dynamic architectural integration, wide streets and public transportation. There is no shortage of activities in the city and there is a large selection of restaurants and bars. Warsaw's nightlife is very developed, and the city has a large variety of galleries, museums, architectural centers and other tourist attractions. In 1980, the Old Town of Warsaw was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
Warsaw offers tourists a variety of magnificent shopping malls, bazaars, markets and boutiques at cheap prices relative to Western Europe.
End of season - As in most European cities, Warsaw also has end-of-season sales: at the end of December and at the end of July. If you arrive in the city during this period, most stores offer large discounts
Tax refunds - the tax refund in Poland is about 300 zlotys or more. You must present a passport or photograph of it. Ask the shop if they have a “tax free”, and then they will issue you the receipt of the tax return document. This will give you access to the customs counters at the airport. In the field itself, if you are not flying with EL AL, go to the customs office with the suitcases, and after the check, the luggage will be delivered there. The final refund after deductions and commissions is 10%. For flights with EL AL, check in, get a boarding pass, but do not hand over the baggage in which there are purchases for which the tax refund is required. You must go to the customs office to hand over the forms. You must explain to the salesman that you are flying with El Al, and she will close the suitcase with a handcuff, hand over the suitcases, go to the refund counter with the forms, and receive cash.
Gifts & Souvenirs
Gifts in the Old City - The best places to buy gifts and souvenirs in the Old City are the countless small shops in picturesque alleyways. Including souvenirs for tourists. Some of the stalls, such as the one on Krakowskie Przedmiescie 66, sell authentic gifts such as handmade scarves, and traditional dress dolls.
Underground shopping - both sides of Jerusalem Street (Jerozolimske Aleje), connect via a network of tunnels, interspersed with dozens of small shops, a great way to buy without the influence of the weather.
Poland is still perceived by Israelis as a destination for visits mark the Holocaust. Its main attractions include: monuments, ghettos and death camps. In recent years the city has grown, with a culture of Polish beers and vodka originality. Friday night a lot of people make their way to the Vistula River and dancing fountains Park. There you will find audio-visual shows combining water fountains and projected holograms. Shows last about 25 minutes. Polands focus of entertainment: street Nowy Swiat, ie street new world. It attracts people in every way, mainly with terrific nightlife. There is no doubt that this is the dating scene of Warsaw. The girls dressed up regardless of the weather, and the men of the Poland looking stylish. The neighboring streets, have quite a few places of entertainment, from a date at Sparkling sea to huge discos and pubs that offer alcohol at low prices, the rate of: 3-4 zlotys, or about 3.6 to 4.8.
The Warsaw Jewish community was the largest Jewish community in Europe and the second largest Jewish community in the world. On the eve of the outbreak of World War II, the community numbered 378,000 people, who constituted about a third of Warsaw's population. With the conquest of Poland, the largest of the European ghettos were established in Warsaw. After two years of oppression, expulsion and starvation, the Warsaw ghetto uprising became the symbol of the uprising in the Holocaust. Today there is a small community in Poland with an estimated population of 12,000-7,000, but Polish sources are approaching 100,000, most of whom do not define themselves as Jews. The heritage of Polish Jewry for its glory and destruction is prominently displayed in many places in Poland and constitutes an important component of Poland's tourism industry. Synagogues that survived the Holocaust were renovated and restored, and in some of them became museums for the history of the Jewish community. In 2013, the Museum of the History of Polish Jews opened (details in the Museums category).
Warsaw is a city with a rich history, and a vibrant and up-to-date pace of life that combines luxurious palaces, ancient churches and well-kept parks.
History in the Old City
Warsaw's Stare Miasto is full of picturesque alleyways, intriguing ancient buildings, and spots on every street corner. If you arrive from the city center, you can walk to the Old Town on Krakowskie Prezedmiescie Street. Along the winding street you will find boutiques and cafes. The street ends at the Plac Zamokwy palace, which is dominated by the royal palace (Zamek Krolewski). The palace was completely destroyed during World War II. What you will see when you arrive in the square is a reconstruction of the building that took place in 1971-84, originally built in the 14th century. In the square you will find the statue of King Sigmunt lll Waza, one of the few surviving monuments of World War II.
The Basilica of John the Baptist - the oldest place of worship in Warsaw, rebuilt between 1947-54. The front of the cathedral is decorated in Gothic style and the interior of the cathedral received its final design in 1973. Address: Swietojanska 8.
The old market square (Rynek Staego Miasta), which dates back to the 13th-14th centuries, was destroyed during World War II. After its restoration, the colorful buildings make it a picturesque site. In the center of the square is a mermaid statue of Warsaw holding a sword and a shield. According to legend, the mermaid, who was rescued by local fishermen, vowed to protect and help the city's residents.
The stone steps (Kanienne Schodki) - a narrow alley with massive stone steps from the 15th century, which were used to exit the Old City.
Sanktuarium Matki Bozej Laskawej - An impressive Renaissance church, this building was also destroyed during World War II and restored after it.
The Barbican - A magnificent gate, an ancient remnant of the ancient walls that surrounded the city. Today it serves as a place for street performances and artists' stalls. Address: On the north side of the Old Town, between the streets of Freta and Nawomiejska.
Sapieha Palace - The palace was built in 1746-1731, for the President of the Dukes of Lithuania, Baroque style. Address: Ulica zakroczymska 6.
Museums in Warsaw
Museum of the History of Polish Jewry (Muzeum Historii Zydow Polskich) - The museum commemorates 1000 years of Jewish community in Poland. Built in the heart of the Jewish ghetto, where a monument commemorating the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising resides, in which 70 million dollars were invested. Each of the eight galleries in the museum display historical items and pictures donated to the museum.
Address - ul. Anielewicza 6.
Opening hours - Monday, Thursday and Friday from 10:00 to 18:00, Wednesday and Sunday from 10:00 to 20:00, closed on Tuesdays.
Price -25 zloty.
Warsaw Historical Museum (Muzeum Historyczne m. Warszawy) - An excellent way to learn about Warsaw's history, the museum contains a collection of art and maps documenting the city's life.
Address - Rynek Starego Miasta 28/42.
Price - 3-6 zlotys.
Opening hours: Tuesday through Thursday, 10: 00-18: 00.
Muzeum Marii Sklodowskiej - Curie is the home of the famous scientist, who has won two Nobel Prizes in chemistry and physics. In the museum you will be impressed by the life and work of the lady who has become a symbol of pride for Poland and for the feminist movement.
Address - Freta street 16.
Price - 6-11 zloty.
Opening hours - June - August Every day except two from 10:00 - 19:00, September - May 9: 00-16: 00
Parks and palaces
Lazienki Krolewskie - a favorite meeting place for the city's residents, who come to relax in the countryside. Inside the park is the Chopin Monument. From May to September there are concerts here on Sundays, Mondays and Saturdays. You can also stretch out and enjoy the squirrels and peacocks wandering freely.
Address - Ul. Agrykoli 1.
Opening hours - The hours vary for different sites in the park, and in different seasons.
Price - entrance to the park is free, there is a charge for the various buildings and museums.
The Palace of Culture and Science (Palac kultury Nauki) - The tallest building in Poland at 231 meters. It was built in the 1950s and given to the city as a gift by Stalin. From the 30th floor you can see all of Warsaw. The building itself has an entertainment center, theaters and cinemas.
Address: Plac Defilad 1. In the center of Warsaw, just off the main train station.
The opening hours of the observation deck - 10: 00-20: 00, in the summer is open until 23:30.
The cost of going up to the observation deck is 20 zloty.
Wilanow Palace - One of the most beautiful places in Warsaw. A site for all admirers of palaces and well-tended gardens. Harmanon was built for King Jan Sobieski, known for saving Poland from the Turks in the 16th century. It is the first museum in Warsaw.
Address -ul. St. Kostki Potockiego 10/16.
Opening hours - The park is open to the public every day from 9:00 to sunset. The palace opening hours are from 9:30 to 15:00 in the summer and until 17:00 in the winter.
Price - 5 zloty per park, 20 zloty to the palace.
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